10. Principles of Good Composition –
Vary sizes and shapes
Repeat lines, shapes, etc.
Run objects off the page
Place elements to control how the viewer’s eye flows back into the artwork
Never center objects on the page
Contrast values and colors
Balance positive and negative space
Fill the space
Good composition is achieved by using the Elements and Principles of Art
7 Elements of Art –
Line– An element of art defined by a point moving in space. A line may be two or three-dimensional, descriptive, implied, or abstract.
Shape– An element of art that is two-dimensional, flat, or limited to height and width.
Form– An element of art that is three-dimensional and encloses volume; includes height, width, AND depth (as in a cube, a sphere, a pyramid, or a cylinder). Form may also be free flowing
Texture– An element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched.
Value-The lightness or darkness of tones or colors. White is the lightest value; black is the darkest. The value halfway between these extremes is called middle gray.
Color– An element of art made up of three properties: hue, value, and intensity.
• Hue: name of the color
• Value: hue’s lightness and darkness (a color’s value changes when white or black is added)
• Intensity: quality of brightness and purity (high intensity= color is strong and bright; low intensity= color is faint and dull)
Space– An element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or a sense of depth achieved in a work of art.
To use a very rudimentary baking analogy: the elements are like the basics: flour, sugar, etc.
The principles are what you are trying to with the cake: what kind, decoration,
You use the Elements to shape the Principles.
8 Principles of Art
1. Balance– A way of combining elements to add a feeling of equilibrium or stability to a work of art. Major types are
Radial Balance- Any type of balance based on a circle with its design extending. from center.
Symmetrical Balance- The same on both sides.
Asymmetrical Balance-different on each side but still creates balance, 1 large shape balanced by multiple small shapes